The difference in the properties of diamond and graphite can be easily explained in terms their structures are: diamond is vary hard whereas graphite is soft, density of diamond is more than that of graphite, diamond is bad conductor of electricity whereas graphite is a good conductor and etc. Diamond and graphite properties the electronic configuration of carbon is 1s 2 2s 2 2p 2, ie with four valence electrons spread in the s and p orbitals. Both graphite and diamonds are made out of pure carbon the chemical composition of the two is exactly the same this makes graphite and diamonds allotropes of carbon along with amorphous, which is commonly called soot or carbon black.
Covalent network solids are giant covalent substances like diamond, graphite and silicon dioxide (silicon(iv) oxide) this page relates the structures of covalent network solids to the physical properties of the substances carbon has an electronic arrangement of 2,4 in diamond, each carbon shares . Diamond and graphite are both crystallized carbon, but the way their atoms are arranged makes a big difference in their overall properties it’s relatively easy to turn 2-d graphite into diamond, but 3-d diamond is only mostly forever. Most people learn fairly early on that graphite and diamond are both made up of the element carbon if you had a good teacher in middle school, you might remember them describing breathlessly how amazing it is that a diamond, the hardest substance on the planet, can be made of the same material as graphite, which is soft enough to use in pencil lead. The crystal structure of graphite yields physical properties that permit the use of graphite as a lubricant and as pencil lead the gem and industrial properties of diamond, physical properties that we cherish and exploit, are also a result of diamond's crystal structure.
Both diamond and graphite are a crystalline form of carbon (both are made of pure carbon) however they are the same in the chemical composition, they differ a lot in the physical composition. Pure carbon is known to us as diamond, if arranged one way in three dimensions and graphite if arranged in another in diamond, all the carbon atoms have strong chemical bonds to four other carbon atoms, making perfect tetrahedra on and on throughout the crystal. Graphite has the same composition as diamond, the hardest mineral known, but its unique structure makes it extremely light, soft, inert and highly resistant to heat. The diamond is the hardest mineral it has a 10 rating in the mohs scale while graphite scored a 1 to 2 according to the mohs hardness scale 4 diamond is an excellent electrical insulator .
Graphite is used as lubricant either as a powder or as a dispersion in oil or water the dispersion of graphite in oil is known as oil dag and in water is known as aqua dag mixed with clay it is used in ‘lead’ pencils. The answer is (4) the crystal structure of diamond is a strong network of atoms and structure of graphite is organized in layers due to the different crystal. Diamond and graphite are allotropes of carbon having different physical properties learn about the similarities, structure and uses of graphite and diamond.
Scientists at stanford university have found a new way of creating artificial diamonds out of graphite (the material in your pencil leads), without applying external pressure of any sort. The eagle claw diamond series graphite rod is the rod for you it is a 6 foot, 2 piece medium action featuring a powerful, lightweight im-6 graphite blank woven graphite reinforcement above the handle improves strength and power. Diamond vs graphite diamond and graphite, although they both are identical chemically, yet they show differences between them they are both composed of carbon, but they are different when it comes to their physical appearance.
The primary difference between diamond and graphite is the way their carbon atoms are arranged to form their physical crystal structures the arrangement of carbon atoms in diamonds makes them bond together strongly, while graphite atoms are held together with a weaker bond, creating a soft physical . Graphite is a mineral composed exclusively of the element carbon graphite has the same chemical composition as diamond, which is also pure carbon, but the molecular structure of graphite and diamond is entirely different. The chemical formula of diamond is c which is the chemical symbol for the element carbon soot and graphite are also made up of carbon atoms and have the same chemical symbol, c soot and graphite are also made up of carbon atoms and have the same chemical symbol, c. In diamond, all the carbon atoms have strong chemical bonds to four other carbon atoms, making perfect tetrahedra on and on throughout the crystal diamond (left) and graphite (right) are both made of carbon atoms, but arranged in different.